This book covers Photoshop CS6 and all older versions. Although the basic principles of Photoshop’s function remain the same, its features and layout have changed.
You can work in both color and black-and-white modes. You have the ability to choose one or the other in the Image Menu. You can create images in RGB, HSL, or CMYK modes. The color model you choose affects the way the colors look onscreen. Choose RGB or CMYK to get the most color accuracy (see Chapter 7).
This book focuses on the Photoshop interface for the average user but does not cover tasks that you may find in the Photoshop Help menus.
Basic Photoshop Window
When you first open Photoshop you see a blank white canvas. The window and many of the controls are in the center of the screen. The main menu bar (Window, Color, and so on), is at the top of the screen. On the right side of the screen you see a variety of controls and icons. These window and control areas move and adjust as you work.
Here’s a quick tour of what you see when you open Photoshop:
The Adobe logo sits on the left side of the screen. This logo turns into an Info panel when you click it.
The Window menu, shown in Figure 1-1, presents options to zoom in and out of your image and to set the units. At the bottom of the menu is the Fill Color setting, which determines what your image is filled with.
The Color menu, shown in Figure 1-2, changes the color of the image to whatever you specify. The Fill Color setting at the bottom of the menu also appears here.
The Channels menu, shown in Figure 1-3, provides a means to choose which channel of the image you’re working on. At the bottom of the menu, you see the Edit Color option.
The Step up/Down control is on the right side of the window when you are zoomed out and it changes to the Minus/Plus button when you are zoomed in.
The Filmstrip, shown in Figure 1-4, is in the middle of the right side of the Photoshop window. The Filmstrip displays the current image in the photo shoot, along with the History and Layers panels. You can use this functionality to view previous images, zooming out or in as you look.
The History panel, shown in Figure 1-5, stores
You can install Photoshop Elements on Windows, Mac, iOS and Android.
This article describes how to install and use Photoshop Elements and Photoshop on Windows 10 and macOS Mojave.
RELATED ARTICLE: How to work with images in Photoshop
READ ALSO: How to make an image with Photoshop
STEP 1. Download and install Photoshop Elements
In the macOS Mojave and Windows 10 installer, find the Products folder and open the Adobe Photoshop Elements 2019 installer.
In macOS Mojave open Install Adobe Photoshop Elements, then click Continue.
In Windows 10 click Next to open the installer. If you are asked to update Adobe Photos Elements 2019, click Skip This.
The installation will begin.
STEP 2. Install the program
After the installation finishes, launch Photoshop Elements 2019. It is installed on the C:\Users\YOURUSERNAME\AppData\Roaming\Adobe Photoshop Elements folder.
When it opens, the main Photoshop Elements window will display the application and a preview of a demo image.
Click on the Use My Photoshop Elements 2019… button to access the Photoshop Elements 2019 main screen.
On the window menu, the options are:
Activate, Create, Enlarge, Insert, Open or Print…
The Open and Create options are not available until you have installed the program.
The Apply Settings button in the Photoshop Elements window will save your Photoshop Elements settings.
The Remove button will remove your settings to default values.
The back button brings you to the previous page.
The left and right buttons scroll the menu.
In the upper right corner of the Photoshop Elements window, there are seven icons:
Learn more, Help, About Adobe Photoshop Elements 2019, and a Help button.
The following options are available on the menu:
Step through… will allow you to select a help topic. This is useful if you are not familiar with Photoshop Elements 2019.
or Browse by… will let you choose between the more than 4500 help articles.
will let you choose between the more than 4500 help articles. Exit will exit the Photoshop Elements 2019 program.
will exit the Photoshop Elements 2019 program. Help will open the help window.
will open the help window. Search will find the content you need.
Instantiating classes from modules in rails
I’m working on my first rails app. I’ve begun to realise that I’m not very used to working in rails.
I’ve got a different controller which has a user model attached to it. I am going to use this user model for other features of the application however, I need to add a couple of additional fields to my user model for each user, regardless of where they are in the application.
To take one example, I need to generate one date field for each user which is the date they joined the company. This field should not be used anywhere else in the application, however, it is the same for all users. I therefore, need to create a module that generates this field.
I’m not sure what the best way to go about doing this would be. My first thought was to have a module called members that generates this new field. However, I don’t want every user to include all of the fields in the model, just this new one.
I also thought about having just one module that only generates the new member field and then include this module in the model but I feel this seems ‘naked’ and not very clean.
A couple of these apps I’m working on need to use this feature multiple times so I need to be able to replicate the functionality without having to create the module every time.
I’m not sure if I’m being clear enough as I’m still learning this stuff.
Thanks in advance for any advice.
All the best one. In my app I have developed an “interceptor” pattern for such cases.
In your example you may have something like this:
class User < ActiveRecord::Base include Members #other stuff before_create :set_date_field, if: :is_participating? #other stuff end Models/members/interceptor.rb module Members def action_name #... end end I'm not sure about the idea of naming things like actions (I always name them actions) and method names, though.
Brushes are one of the most powerful tools in Photoshop. There are about 50 different brush types, each with different characteristics. Photoshop allows you to use brushes as a mouse, tablet or drawing tool. Each is unique in its own way.
The most basic paintbrush is the Basic Brush. It behaves like a mouse, moving the tool without changing the size of the brush. The brush is directional and has no handles, so it is difficult to adjust your paintbrush size and direction without changing the size of your image.
The Size Brush is similar to the Basic Brush, except that it creates a new layer and you can change the size of the brush by clicking on the handles. The Size Brush makes it easy to use multiple sizes for different painting applications.Size Brush
The Pencil Brush has two brush heads that are tied together. Pressing on the red and blue dots allows you to change the size of the brush. This is an excellent brush for drawing lines and painting, but it’s not very accurate and doesn’t have more than two brush heads.Pencil Brush
The Spatter Brush is similar to the Size Brush, except that you change the size of the brush by clicking on the brush head. This brush creates dots and splotches as you drag the brush across the canvas. The dots vary in size and shape, and can be used for different effects.Spatter Brush
The Brush Tool has five brush types. You can change the size and shape of the brush by pressing on the handles. These include the standard Brush, the Sponge, the Blob Brush, the Gum Drop brush, and the Airbrush.Brush Tool
The Brush Tool has five brush types. You can change the size and shape of the brush by pressing on the handles. These include the standard Brush, the Sponge, the Blob Brush, the Gum Drop brush, and the Airbrush.
If you’re not sure which brush is best for the type of painting you want to do, try the Bl
OS: Windows 7/8/10
Processor: Intel Core i5 2.1GHz or AMD equivalent.
Memory: 2 GB RAM.
Graphics: Nvidia GeForce GTX 760 2GB
Storage: 4 GB available space
How to Install:
1. Download the application and extract it to a temporary folder on your computer.
2. Run the application and select “Select screen.”
3. Select a source and destination directory. The application generates all required files automatically.
4. Complete the installation. The files are